Plants – Trees

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Trees Characteristics
Trees Flowering Seasons
Trees Guide - Frost Resistant
Trees Guide - Not Frost Resistant

Trees should be planted first when starting with a new landscape. Trees are big plants, have extensive root systems and can’t just be moved around. It is therefor important to know how to care for these long-lasting plants and how to get the most out of them.

When planting the young ones…

Dig a planting hole (square-shape) 1m deep and 1m wide, fill with water and let it drain. Work the soil with a fork, removing foreign objects and breaking up hard clumps. Mix a compost layer, of more or less a third, into the soil and add 90g of Superphosphate and 2:3:2 each. This improved soil can now be used to refill the hole.

Caring for the young ones…

  • Firstly, you ensure quick growing trees with regular watering. Feeding in the early years is also important and using L:A:N is perfect. Apply L:A:N during early spring. Follow with 2:3:2 during late spring and summer, every six weeks.

  • Stake both sides of your tree and use a material that will stretch with growth, old nylon stockings are ideal.

  • Preferably, the young tree should not branch until it’s reached a height of 2m. Pruning the small soft branches will ensure a graceful, unblemished trunk.

  • Mulch around the newly planted tree with decomposed compost, manure or mulch of your choice. Work it into the soil to a depth of 5cm.

Caring for the elderly…

  • Prune away old growth and healthy new growth will appear soon but keep in mind never to prune the tree down more than two thirds of it’s original size.

  • It is also important to prune large dead branches and diseased branches, they will one-day snap in strong wind or storm. If you neglect this very important practise, you could end up with a damaged car under a fallen branch. Infections can spread throughout the whole tree if not treated in time, making curing impossible. Always burn infected branches after removing them.

  • Using sharp secateurs, always make 45 degree angled cuts, close to outward pointing, dormant buds. Make the cut so that very little of the stem is left above the bud’s side. Finally seal the cut end.

  • Alternatively, using an iron bar, you can support the weak and heavy branch by threading the bar through the branch and its support.

  • Fertilise your older trees with L:A:N, every six weeks, during it’s growing season.

  • Keep the area around the tree well mulched.

Choices, choices…

The garden is designed ‘around’ trees. Careful planning is needed when choosing the type of tree for the desired look, birds you want to attract, a swimming pool that must stay mess-free and so on. The biggest restriction is the size of your garden and if it will accommodate your chosen tree. Fortunately the selection is vast and you will be able to find that perfect tree.

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