Plants – Shrubs

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Shrubs Characteristics
Shrubs Flowering Seasons
Shrubs Guide - Frost Resistant
Shrubs Guide - Not Frost Resistant

These ‘bushy-shaped’ accent plants are of great value in any landscape. Planting shrubs of different shapes, textures, heights and colours together can look stunning, like combining plants with purple, red and golden foliage. Annuals could look doubly attractive against a shrub background, they can create screens for aesthetic appeal or for hiding unwanted sights.

Selecting shrubs…

Shrubs, like trees, form the framework for a planting scheme. Take therefor care in their selecting, planting and caring. Consider its size, height, flower and foliage colours, whether it’s deciduous or evergreen, soil to climatic needs and the general purpose or desired effect when choosing shrubs.

Settling shrubs…

  • Shrubs can still be transplanted if it hasn’t settled too much already, but do so during its dormancy period. Whether planting anew or transplanting, the preparation should be thorough. For the best results, dig a 70cm deep and 70cm x 70cm wide square-shaped hole. Work this planting soil to a fine texture.

  • Add a layer, about 15cm, of compost or manure to the soil and get the texture again to be fine.

  • Add 2:3:2 (60g) and Superphosphate (60g) per m², but only if planting follows immediately.

  • Plant shrub now with this improved soil, making sure to soak it well afterwards, for burning through the fertilisers will otherwise occur. Water often and generously the next couple of days.

  • Ensure adequate spacing between plants to prevent competing for moisture and nutrients.

Shaping shrubs…

These plants can be pruned to a single stem, any shape or size preferable or encouraged to form a bush. Instead of pruning once in a while severely, from which the plant will take long to recover, prune lightly and regularly. However, severe pruning is sometimes just what the doctor ordered for a neglected, scraggly plant. Shrubs should be pruned annually for good performance, but never reduced to more than two thirds of its size. Cuts should be made close to an outward pointing dormant bud at a 45-degree angle. The cut’s lowest side should be just higher than the bud, and the cut’s top should be on the bud’s side. Always make certain of correct pruning times, for plants differ and winter is not always the time to do it. Generally evergreen plants are pruned immediately after flowering, but deciduous and all-year flowering plants in dormant winters. When dealing with plants that need older wood for flowering, you may wait for the flowering period to end. Hard pruning is usually done best just before the growing season during which the plant can rejuvenate itself. Additional light pruning for controlling overgrowing, removing dead and straggly or for shaping purposes can be done throughout the year.


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