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Planting position: Full sun.Area protected from extremely strong wind.A space of at least 45cm from paved areas or lawns.55cm spacing (miniatures); 1m spacing (standards); 1,5m spacing (shrub roses); 3m spacing (climbers).
Planting depth: ensure the budding union is just above soil level, never plant too deeply.Enlarge the hole, if needed, but ensure the roots are not crossing each other or curling around the hole’s perimeter. Instead aid the roots outwards and downwards.
Watering requirements: thorough watering once a week, ensuring the moisture to reach the deeply penetrating roots. If grown in
chalky or sandy soil, water more frequently, but always thoroughly.Keep the rose’s roots moistened at all times and take extra care during summer periods and dry spells.
Note: waterlogged situations are lethal to roses.
Soil requirements: crumbly loam that is
fertile and slightly acidic. Broken up clayey soil, which drains well and freely is ideal. Compost enrichment. Work at least 7cm of compost into the soil, or more if planting with sandy or chalky soil. Add, per every square metre, two handfuls of complete fertiliser to soil.Improve the planting soil further with added bone-meal.
Never tread on the soil, before and after planting.Feeding requirements: Mulch, and more mulching! Retaining moisture and keeping weeds down.Winter application of rose fertiliser, together with mulching.Application of rose fertiliser after spring flowering.Late summer application of rose fertiliser (with final flowering).
Note: roses do not take overfeeding or neglect well.
Pruning requirements: Ideally pruning should occur during winter after the last threat of frost.Cut all dead flowers off immediately, above a bud. Prune away all dead, diseased or straggly wood with a sharp secateur, lopper or saw.Hybrid Dwarf Miniatures need their dead/diseased wood removed in autumn, and the non-flowering stems and the pruning back of the rest during spring.Hybrid Miniatures need winter pruning on old/diseased wood and need their centres to be kept open. Cut the previous season’s growth down to two eyes of the flower head, and two eyes from the base for two year old wood.Bushy shrubs need only pruning down on wood that never produced worthwhile shoots in the previous season. Shorten the branches only slightly down to strong shoots. Climbers need their previous year’s growth spared, for on this they flower. Prune back other old growth, during winter. Remove also dead/diseased wood.Climbing Hybrid Teas need little pruning, only to establish balance between old and new growth.Traditionally roses require the pruning of twiggy growth and the previous season’s growth back by half. The cuts should be made above outer buds on sturdy stems. Remove dead/diseased wood.
Miniature Roses: Red flowering ‘Avondel’; the orange ‘Colibri’; a pale pink flowering ‘Snowflake’.
Bushy roses: Creamy flowered ‘Autumn Delight’; the red ‘Bifera Wildfever’; a pink ‘Felicia’.
Climbers: A pink ‘Blossomtime’; orange ‘Royal Gold’; the ruby-coloured ‘ Baronne de Rothschild’.
Hybrid Teas: Red ‘Black Madonna’; a pale yellow ‘Peace’; the pink ‘Peter Frankenfeld’.
Floribunda roses: A yellow ‘Allgold’; the lavender ‘Angel Face’; dark orange ‘Tchin-chin’.