Plants – Potplants



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Potplants
Potplants - Guide

Many enthusiastic gardeners or plant lovers live in apartments of multi-storey buildings where gardening outside is mainly limited. Fortunately the range of houseplants are great, whether trees and shrubs, non-woody plants, foliage- or flowering species, in fact many plants prefer the conditions of a protected patio. Plants proving permanently decorative should be evergreen and able to live year in year. Introduce a little nature to your home, office or patio to unite the outdoors and indoors while creating a friendly atmosphere.

For successful pot planting ensure adequate light, moisture, correct potting mixtures and feeding.

Water
the plants often enough to ensure they stay moist or less, according to plant requirements.

Most indoor plants grow outside in shade and will need their own individual amount of light intensity. Those requiring only little light can be placed well away from an open well-lit window, with no possibility of direct sunrays. Place those wanting moderate light 3m from bright windows or glass doors. Those that usually grow in full sun outside need to be placed at least 1m from a well-lit window.


The growing mediums
should have similar pH, moisture retention and draining abilities to the growing factors it is used to in the wild. Of the many growing mediums available John Innes Potting compost is the most ideal, which is a high quality loam mixture. When preparing potting mixtures yourself mix 1 part fibrous compost, 2 parts coarse washed river sand and 3 parts fibrous, un-sieved loam together. Change the sand and loam amounts according to draining requirements, succulents for example will need more drainage, therefor add more sand.

Feeding
is made simple by available plant foods manufactured for specific plant types. Trim the plants’ dead stems, leaves of flowers periodically and control the dustiness seasonally by putting the plant outside in a shady spot and spraying it clean with a soft spray.

Choose containers
for economic value and practical shape. The “mouth" should be the widest part of the container to make re-planting possible. The pot’s size for planting and re-planting should always be 2 sizes higher, for instance replant a potted plant of 15cm in a new 20cm high pot.

Replanting
is necessary when the plant roots have filled the entire container and water the plant thoroughly a day prior to re-planting. Prepare the pots by ensuring sufficient drainage holes and adding 3cm of crushed stone to the base. Incorporate some of the potting soil on top of the stone level and test the height by placing the original potted plant inside. Add more soil to the base until the plant’s top rootball is 2cm below the new level. Remove the original pot from the plant by turning it on its side and whack and roll the container, while pulling at the stem gently. Place the plant centre on the added soil in the new pot and fill with potting soil. Do not firm the soil down, but water in and fill more if necessary, for this ensures air getting trapped in the soil.

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