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Europe; 5 - 45cm x 25 - 60cm
Planting position: Full sun or semi-shade.
Requires thorough, regular watering, ensuring permanent moist conditions.Well-draining, organically-enriched soil.Monthly application of liquid fertiliser.Watch out for fungal diseases.
Propagate from root division or seed.
These perennial herbs have aromatic qualities and many culinary uses. They also make excellent ground covers, although some may take over a little.
M. x piperita (10 x 35cm). The peppermint is extremely strong scented when its leaves are crushed. M. pulegium (5cm). The Pennyroyal spreads with flat green leaves and has pinkish summer flowers.
M. x rotundifolia (35cm). The Applemint has an apple fragrance and velvety, sometimes variegated leaves. Its summer flowers are white and insignificant.
M. spicata (40 - 50cm). The Spearmint spreads vigorously and has mint-flavoured, lance-shaped leaves.
This perennial is often used in sauces. Its medicinal uses are for treating headaches, indigestion, fevers, hysteria, delayed pregnancy, flatulence, urinary tract infections and others.