Aloe spp.

Plants / Invader Plants Guide / Plants that are Toxic to Animals / Regional Plants Guide / Useful Plants Guide / Annuals / Bulbs / Climbers / Conifers / Ferns / Ground Covers / Hedges / Kitchen Garden Plants / Lawns / Mushrooms / Orchids / Perennials / Potplants / Rock Garden Plants / Shrubs / Trees / Water Garden Plants

Aloe ferox - click to enlargeSouth AfricaAloe spp.

Africa, Madagascar
Planting position: Full sun in areas without severe frost.
Requires watering when needed and perfect drainage.Loamy, well-draining soil.Growth support in the form of rocks or growing on a bank.Watch out for rust and scale insects.
Propagate from seed, cuttings or offsets.

This succulent family can be grown successfully in hot and arid regions. The slim, tubular and yellow to red flowers appear on spikes and the fleshy rosettes of tapering, sharp-pointed leaves range from green to rusty brown.

A. arborescens (Tree aloe; 2,5m) forms a large clump with leaf rosettes at the end of each stem. Winter flowers of red appear on conical spikes.
A. aristata (Guinea fowl aloe; 5,5 - 7m) has slightly inwards pointing leaves with white, toothed edges and white spots on the dark green surfaces. The spring- to summer flower spikes of flame-red emerge from the rosettes.
A. barberiae (Tree aloe; 16 - 18m) is a much branched, large tree with winter flowers ranging from orange to brick red.
A. candelabrum (Candelabra aloe; 2,5m) has candelabra-like flower stalks in winter with red blooms. Its large leaves have brownish, toothed edges and are bluish-green.
A. cooperi (Cooper’s aloe; 75 - 85cm) has pinkish summer flowers with green tips, carried on tall spikes which emerge from the clumps of foliage. The leaves are greyish green with toothed edges, and are long and narrow.
A. cryptopoda (Spite aloe; 1,5m) has clumps of bluish-green leaves and much-branched, tall flower spikes of scarlet autumn blooms.
A. ferox (Cape aloe; 2 - 3m) has candelabra-like flower stalks in summer with red blooms.
A. saponaria (Soap aloe; 50 - 100cm) is stemless and has winter flowers of red on tall stalks. The foliage is spotted.
A. striata (Coral aloe; 70cm) has red, spring flowers on branching flower stalks and smooth edged, pale green foliage.
A. thompsoniae (Thompson’s aloe; 30cm) has orange flowers, green tipped, emerging from clumps of bright green foliage.
A. variegata (Kanniedood, Partridge-breast aloe; 10cm) has dark green leaves, spotted white in rows. Its winter and spring flowers appear on long stalks in orange-pink.
A. vera (85 - 95cm) is known for its medicinal properties when treating skin irritations. The stemless plant has mottled, bluish-greyish-green leaves and yellow, single stemmed flowers.
A. wickensii (Wicken’s aloe; 1m) flowers during winter with much-branched stalks of yellow flowers. Its bluish-green leaves curves inwards and upwards.

Bookmark the permalink.