Organic vegetables and Propagation



Organic vegetables and Propagation

Growing your own organic vegetables
Keep in mind the following thrive together: Beans and potatoes; peas and carrots; cabbage and beets; cabbage and spinach; cabbage and celery; cabbage and lettuce; peas and turnips; spinach and cauliflower; kohlrabi and beets; spinach and eggplant; corn and beans; corn and cucumbers.

And the following reject each other: Fennel and tomatoes; tomatoes and peas; tomatoes and potatoes; bush beans and onions; cabbages and onions; parsley and lettuce.
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Propagation
Propagation through cuttings is a popular option for propagating cultivars to an identical form and are used for trees and shrubs. Pull gently on the stem to test for rooting; it has rooted if lodged firmly. Cuttings can be made in stem-, leaf- and root form. Stem cuttings are the method most often used of hardwood-, soft tip- or semi-hardwood types.
Semi-hardwood cuttings are taken during summer and will take 3 - 8 weeks to root. Make the cutting 15cm long, with a bud near the top and place in a pot containing river sand, protect from sunlight and keep moist.
Hardwood cuttings are taken before the growing season and will take approximately 5 weeks to root. Ensure the top is just above a bud. Place these cuttings in river sand with 5cm emerging above the sand. Keep moist, mulch with hay and provide sun-protection.
Soft tip cuttings should be 10cm long and taken in spring. Rooting may take place within in week to two weeks and keep constantly moist. The bottom cut should be made just beneath a node and the growing tip removed. Remove the foliage of and plant the lower half in a pot with river sand.
Leaf cuttings are probably the method least used, except in the case of certain plants where it's the only option of cutting-propagation. With a sharp knife, make cuts into the veins at broad intervals before lying down flatly. Use containers filled with fine, sifted sand. Leaf cuttings for certain succulents are much easier, even with only portions of the leaf. Insert the leaf piece just slightly into the soil and use hairpins to secure the veins tightly against the soil. Leave the pot untouched until new plants are visible.
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