Gardening – Wildlife – Bees



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Birds in the Garden / Bees / Worms / Butterflies

Most bees live solo - on the ground or in holes. It is only the honey- and bumblebee that lives in a colony.

Honey Plants for Honeybees
Acanthaceae

Avicennia nitida
Aceraceae
Acer rubrum L. (Red maple)
Acer saccharinum L. (Sugar maple)
Acer spicatum Lam. (Mountain maple)
Acer pseudoplatanus L. (Sycamore maple)
Agavaceae
Agave sisalana Perrine
Alstroemeriaceae
Alstroemeria cunea.
Amaranthaceae
Alternanthera brasiliana
Alternanthera dentata
Alternanthera polygonoides
Froelichia humboldtiana
Froelichia lanata Moench
Gomphrena canescens
Gomphrena demissa
Gomphrena gardneri
Anacardiaceae
Anacardium occidentale L.
Anacardium humile
Astronium fraxinifolium
Lithraea molleoides
Mangifera indica
Myracrodruon urundeuva
Schinus molle
Schinus terebinthifolius
Schinopsis brasiliensis
Spondias lutea
Spondias mombin
Spondias tuberosa
Tapirira guianensis
Tapirira marchandii
Apiaceae
Apium graveolens L.
Daucus carota L.
Pastinaca sativa L.
Petroselinum sativum
Apocynaceae (loves hot humidity)
Aspidosperma cylindrocarpon .
Aspidosperma dasycarpon .
Aspidosperma macrocarpon .
Aspidosperma parvifolium .
Aspidosperma polyneuron .
Aspidosperma populifolium.
Aspidosperma pruinosum .
Aspidosperma pyrifolium .
Hancornia speciosa
Peschiera affinis
Rhodocalyx rotundifolia
Tabernaemontana fuchsiaefolia
Aquifoliaceae
Ilex decidua
Ilex glabra
Ilex opaca .
Ilex theezans .
Ilex verticillata
Araliaceae
Didymopanax macrocarpum .
Didymopanax vinosum
Asclepiadaceae
Asclepias tuberosa
Arecaceae (loves hot humidity)
Acrocomia aculeata
Attalea speciosa .
Roystonea elata
Sabal palmetto Lodd.
Syagrus romanzoffiana
Asteraceae
Ambrosia polystachya .
Baccharis dracunculifolia (excellent choice)
Baccharis genistelloides .
Baccharis gracilis .
Baccharis halimifolia
Baccharis ligustrina .
Baccharis platypoda .
Baccharis punctulata .
Baccharis serrula .
Baccharis sessifolia .
Baccharis tridentata
Bidens cernua
Bidens pilosa
Cichorium intybus
Cirsium arvense
Cirsium vulgare
Centaurea biebersteinii
Centratherum punctatum
Cosmos sulphureus
Echinops sphaerocephalus
Eremanthus sphaerocephalus
Eupatorium itatiayense .
Eupatorium maculatum
Eupatorium maximiliani
Eupatorium purpureum
Eupatorium squalidum
Helianthus annuus
Helianthus tuberosus
Liatris spicata
Mikania cordifolia .
Mikania hirsutissima .
Mikania microphylla
Mikania speciosa .
Mikania sessilifolia .
Moquinia polymorpha .
Oligoneuron rigidum
Piptocarpha notata
Piptocarpha rotundifolia
Sonchus arvensis
Senecio brasiliensis .
Solidago chilensis
Symphyotrichum novae-angliae
Taraxacum officinale
Trichogonia salviaefolia
Trixis antimenorrhoea
Verbesina alternifolia
Vernonia apiculata
Vernonia argyrophylla .
Vernonia diffusa .
Vernonia herbacea
Vernonia lacunosa
Vernonia linearis
Vernonia patens
Vernonia polyanthes (Excellent Choice)
Vernonia scorpioides
Vernonia virgata .
Zinnia multiflora
Bignoniaceae (loves hot humidity)
Campsis radicans
Catalpa bignonioides
Catalpa speciosa
Cybistax antisyphilitica
Jacaranda brasiliana .
Jacaranda caroba
Jacaranda decurrens
Jacaranda paucifoliolata
Memora glaberrima
Memora nodosa
Podranea ricasoliana
Pyrostegia ignea
Pyrostegia venusta
Tabebuia alba (Cham.)
Tabebuia avellanedae
Tabebuia aurea
Tabebuia chrysotricha (
Tabebuia heptaphylla
Tabebuia impetiginosa
Tabebuia ochracea
Tabebuia rosea
Tabebuia roseo-alba
Tabebuia serratifolia
Tabebuia vellosoi
Zeyheria digitalis
Bixaceae
Bixa orellana
Bombacaceae
Bombax campestre
Bombax tomentosum
Chorisia speciosa
Eriotheca gracilipes
Pseudobombax grandiflorum
Boraginaceae
Auxemma glazioviana
Auxemma oncocalyx
Cordia alliodora
Cordia campestris .
Cordia corymbosa
Cordia hypoleuca .
Cordia insignis .
Cordia leucocephala .
Cordia nodosa .
Cordia trichotoma .
Cordia verbenacea .
Echium plantagineum L
Echium simplex .
Echium virescens .
Echium wildpretii
Patagonula americana
Brassicaceae
Brassica campestris
Brassica juncea
Brassica napus
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis
Brassica oleracea var. capitata
Brassica oleracea var. gemnifera
Brassica oleracea var. gongyloides
Eruca sativa
Sinapis alba
Caesalpinioideae
Apuleia molaris
Bauhinia forficata
Cassia ferruginea
Cassia grandis
Caesalpinia echinata
Caesalpinia ferrea .
Caesalpinia peltophoroides
Caesalpinia pyramidalis
Caesalpinia microphylla
Copaifera langsdorfii
Copaifera oblongifolia
Delonix regia .
Hymenaea courbaril var. stilbocarpa
Schizolobium parahyba
Sclerolobium aureum
Sclerolobium paniculatum
Senna martiana
Senna multijuga
Senna speciosa .
Senna splendida
Capparaceae
Cleome gynandra
Caprifoliaceae
Lonicera japonica
Caryocaraceae
Caryocar brasiliense
Caryophyllaceae
Saponaria officinalis
Chrysobalanaceae (loves hot humidity)
Couepia grandiflora
Parinari obtusifolia
Hirtella glandulosa
Hirtella martiana
Clethraceae
Clethra scabra
Clusiaceae
Kielmeyera coriacea
Cochlospermaceae
Cochlospermum regium
Combretaceae
Terminalia argentea
Terminalia brasiliensis
Terminalia fagifolia
Commelinaceae
Commelina agraria
Tradescantia virginica
Convolvulaceae
Ipomoea purpurea
Ipomoea batatoides .
Jacquemontia blanchetii .
Rivea corymbosa
Cucurbitaceae
Cayaponia ficifolia .
Citrullus vulgaris .
Cucumis mello
Cucumis sativus
Cucurbita maxima
Cucurbita pepo
Luffa cylindrica
Cunoniaceae
Lamonia speciosa
Dilleniaceae
Curatella americana
Davilla rugosa .
Ebenaceae
Diospyros kaki L.f.
Ericaceae
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
Vaccinium angustifolium .
Vaccinium corymbosum
Oxydendron arboreum
Erythroxylaceae
Erythroxylum campestre
Erythroxylum suberosum
Erythroxylum tortuosum
Escalloniaceae
Escallonia montevidensis
Euphorbiaceae
Alchornea iricurana .
Alchornea triplinervia
Aleurites fordii .
Croton floribundus .
Croton macrobothrys .
Croton salutaris .
Dalechampia humilis
Euphorbia mellifera .
Euphorbia pulcherrima
Julocroton triqueter .
Phyllanthus acidus
Ricinus communis
Sapium sebiferum
Faboideae
Andira inermis
Amburana cearensis
Centrolobium robustum
Gliricidia sepium
Geoffraea spinosa .
Machaerium acutifolium
Machaerium scleroxylon .
Medicago sativa
Melilotus alba .
Melilotus officinalis
Myrocarpus frondosus
Sweetia fruticosa var. fruticosa
Flacourtiaceae
Aberia caffra
Banara parviflora
Casearia decandra .
Casearia sylvestris .
Hamamelidaceae
Liquidambar styraciflua.
Iridaceae
Crocus vernus
Lamiaceae
Agastache foeniculum
Agastache nepatoides
Eriope crassipes .
Hyptis brevipes .
Hyptis cana .
Hyptis nudicaulis .
Hyptis suaveolens .
Hyptis umbrosa
Lavandula spp.
Leonurus cardiaca
Leonurus sibiricus
Monarda fistulosa
Nepeta cataria
Nepeta × faassenii
Nepeta mussinii
Nepeta siberica
Pycnanthemum tenuifolium .
Pycnanthemum verticillatum
Pycnanthemum virginianum
Salvia splendens
Thymus serpyllum
Vitex sellowiana .
Lauraceae
Nectandra cuspidata Nees
Nectandra rigida
Persea americana .
Persea gratissima .
Ocotea kuhlmanni
Ocotea pretiosa
Lecythidaceae
Cariniana legalis
Cariniana estrellensis
Liliaceae
Allium cepa
Allium sativum
Smilax medica
Smilax officinalis
Lythraceae
Cuphea carthaginensis
Cuphea ingrata Cham.
Cuphea linarioides Cham.
Cuphea mesostemon
Heimia myrtifolia
Lafoensia pacari
Lagerstroemia indica
Magnoliaceae
Liriodendron tulipifera
Malpighiaceae
Banisteriopsis campestris
Banisteriopsis clausseniana
Banisteriopsis gardneriana
Banisteriopsis pubipetala
Byrsonima crassa .
Byrsonima crassifolia
Byrsonima coccolobifolia
Byrsonima intermedia .
Byrsonima subterranea
Byrsonima verbascifolia
Heteropteris aceroides
Malvaceae
Pavonia malvaviscoides
Pavonia rosa-campestris
Pavonia speciosa
Meliaceae
Cedrela fissilis
Cedrela odorata
Mimosoideae
Acacia farnesiana
Acacia paniculata .
Acacia plumosa
Albizia polyantha
Albizia polycephala
Anadenanthera colubrina
Anadenanthera contorta
Anadenanthera falcata
Anadenanthera peregrina
Calliandra dysantha .
Enterolobium contortisiliquum
Enterolobium gummiferum
Inga affinis
Inga edulis
Inga marginata .
Inga paterno
Inga sessilis .
Leucaena glauca .
Mimosa acutistipula .
Mimosa bimucronata
caesalpiniaefolia .
Mimosa laticifera
Mimosa multipinna .
Piptadenia gonoacantha .
Piptadenia paniculata .
Pithecolobium avaremotemo .
Pithecolobium diversifolium .
Pithecolobium dumosum
Pithecellobium inopinatum
Stryphnodendron adstringens
Stryphnodendron obovatum .
Myrsinaceae
Rapanea ferruginea
Rapanea lancifolia
Rapanea umbellata
Myrtaceae
Campomanesia adamantium
Campomanesia crenata
Campomanesia guazumaefolia
Campomanesia pubescens
Campomanesia xanthocarpa
Corymbia citriodora
Eucalyptus genus
Eucalyptus alba;
Eucalyptus camaldulensis (excellent choice)
Eucalyptus citriodora;
Eucalyptus corymbosa;
Eucalyptus drepanophylla;
Eucalyptus maculata;
Eucalyptus melliodora;
Eucalyptus microcorys;
Eucalyptus oleosa (excellent choice .);
Eucalyptus paniculata;
Eucalyptus citriodora;
Eucalyptus redunca ( excellent choice .);
Eucalyptus scabra;
Eucalyptus tereticornis;
Eucalyptus triantha;
Eucalyptus wandoo ( excellent choice.).
Eugenia brasiliensis .
Eugenia caryophillata
Eugenia convexinervia
Eugenia dombeyana
Eugenia dysenterica
Eugenia hyemalis .
Eugenia multicostata
Eugenia pyriformis .
Eugenia uniflora
Myrceugenia euosma
Myrcia rostrata .
Myrciaria cauliflora
Myrciaria glomerata
Psidium araca
Psidium cinereum
Psidium firmum
Psidium guajava
Ochnaceae
Ouratea castaneifolia
Ouratea floribunda
Ouratea spectabilis
Ouratea nana .
Oleaceae
Olea europaea
Ligustrum imatophyllum
Ligustrum japonicum
Oxalidaceae
Averrhoa carambola.
Polygonaceae
Antigonon leptopus
Fagopyrum sagittatum
Polygonum cuspidatum
Polygonum punctatum
Passifloraceae
Passiflora haematostigma .
Passiflora pohlii .
Poaceae
Paspalum notatum
Saccharum officinarum
Zea mays.
Proteaceae
Grevillea banksii .
Grevillea rosmarinifolia .
Grevillea thelemanniana .
Roupala brasiliensis
Roupala cataractarum
Roupala heterophylla
Roupala montana .
Roupala tomentosa
Rhamnaceae
Celtis brasiliensis .
Hovenia dulcis .
Rhamnus polymorpha
Trema micrantha
Zizyphus joazeiro .
Rosaceae
Eriobotrya japonica
Prunus amygdalus
Prunus armeniaca
Prunus avium
Prunus domestica
Prunus persica
Pyrus communis
Rubiaceae
Alibertia sessilis
Borreria verticillata
Borreria latifolia
Borreria suaveolens
Borreria verbenoides
Cephalanthus occidentalis
Chinchona spp.
Coffea arabica
Coutarea hexandra
Rutaceae
Citrus genus
Citrus aurantifolia
Citrus limonum
Citrus medica
Citrus reticulata
Citrus sinensis
Murraya paniculata
Salicaceae
Salix amygdaloides
Salix bebbiana .
Salix caprea
Salix discolor .
Salix nigra
Sapindaceae
Cupania oblongifolia .
Cupania vernalis .
Dodonaea viscosa .
Magonia pubescens
Matayba guianensis .
Serjania erecta .
Serjania grandifolia
Scrophulariaceae
Buddleia brasiliensis .
Scrophularia californica
Solanaceae
Acnistus arborescens .
Acnistus cauliflorus
Solanum paniculatum
Styracaceae
Styrax camporum
Styrax ferrugineus
Sterculiaceae
Guazuma ulmifolia .
Sterculia striata
Dombeya natalensis .
Dombeya wallichii
Waltheria tomentosa
Tamaricaceae
Tamarix gallica.
Tiliaceae
Luehea candicans .
Luehea divaricata .
Luehea grandiflora .
Luehea paniculata .
Luehea rufescens
Triumfetta semitriloba
Ulmaceae
Trema micrantha
Urticaceae
Boehmeria caudata Sw.
Verbenaceae
Aegiphila lhotskiana .
Aegiphila tomentosa .
Aloysia virgata
Lantana camara.
Lantana lilacina .
Lantana trifolia
Lippia alba
Lippia candicans
Petrea subserrata .
Petrea volubilis
Zapania citriodora
Vochysiaceae
Qualea grandifolia .
Qualea multiflora .
Qualea parviflora .

DIY Project: Bee Hotel
For the shopping list:
A 10cm wide untreated wooden plank;
A bunch of hollow stems like reed or bamboo;
Secateurs, drill, saw and screws;
A mirror hook-fixing.
Make a rectangular frame by cutting the plank into four equal lengths. Drill holes and screw together. Once you have a frame, cut your hollow stems (choose the straight ones only) into 10cm lengths (thus your stems are as long as your frame is deep). Stand your frame on a side and fill it with the stems.
Hang your bee hotel on a sunny wall, protected from wind and rain and wait for spring! Soon you will find a female has laid an egg inside one stem, stored it with pollen and sealed with mud. She can lay up to 6 eggs per stem.

Read all about gardening worms!

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