Gardening – Wildlife

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Birds in the Garden / Bees / Worms / Butterflies

Southern Double-collared SunbirdAll of us know of gardens that we feel drawn to although essentially it isn't really your taste. Why is that? Good energy. If there's life and positive energy, it's hard not to like something, someone or some space. A garden should never be just about design and aesthetics, but also about Life Energy.

The presence of birds in a garden indicates the company of insects, berries, water, colour, height and a good dose of Mother Nature - which to us gardeners mean Paradise! What would a garden be without birdsong? Birdbaths add such friendly romance, but what worth would they be if striking starlings never bath in them? Birds are our free cousins that compliment, and bless, our gardens with their presence.

They don't ask for anything that is not in Nature herself. In short, they need a safe place to eat and drink that which your garden provides. By choosing your plants cleverly, you might only need to provide water in the end! Thus, have a careful look at both lists below and make your selection to suit your region, your garden and your feathered friends!

Non-toxic Plants

Southern Red BishopAbelia - Abelia spp.
Acacia (some sp.) - Acacia spp.
African Daisy - Arctotis stoechadifolia
African Violet - Saintpaulina spp.
Aluminum Plant - Pilea cadierei
Aloe - Aloe spp. (flesh only)
Aralia - Aralia spp.
Arbutus - Arbutus spp.
Areca, Butterfly Cane - Areca lutescens
Ash - Fraxinus spp.
Asparagus Fern - Asparagus densiflorus
Aspen - Populus spp.
Aspidistra - Aspidistra spp.
Baby’s Tears - Helxine soleirolli
Baby’s Breath - Gypsophila paniculata
Bachelor Buttons - Centaurea cyanus
Barberry - Berberis spp.
Beech - Fagus, Nothofagus
Birch - Betula spp.
BirdÕs Nest Fern - Asplenium nidus
Blood Leaf Plant - Iresine herbstii and related spp.
Boston Fern - Nephrolepsis bostoniensis
Bougainvillea - Bougainvillea spp.
Brake, Ribbon, Dish - Pteris cretic
Bromeliads - Anans comosus
California Holly - Heteromeles arbutifolia
Calamint - Calamintha spp.
Calendula (Pot Marigold) - Calendula officinalis
Camellia - Camellia spp.
Chamomile - Chamaemelum nobile
Chickweed - Cerastium vulgatum, Stellaria media
Chicory - Cichorium intybus
Cissus Kangaroo Vines - Cissus spp.
Claw Cactus - Schlumbergera truncata
Coffee Tree - Coffea arabica (coffee is toxic)
Coleus - Coleus blumei
Comfrey - Symphytum officinalis
Corn Plant - Dracaena fragrans
Cottonwood - Populus spp.
Crabapple - Malus spp. (fruit only)
Creeping Jenny - Lysimachia spp.
Croton (house variety) - Codiaeum variegatum
Dahlia - Dahlia spp.
Dandelion - Taraxacum officinalis
Date - Phoenix dactylifera
Daylily - Hemerocallis spp.
Dill - Anethum graveolen
Dogwood - Cornus spp.
Donkey Tail - Sedum morganianum
Dracaena - Dracaena spp.
Dragon Tree - Dracaena draco
Easter Cactus - Rhipsalidopsis spp.
Elderberry - Sambucus spp. (cooked ripe fruit only)
Elm - Ulmus spp.
European Fan - Chamaerops humilis
Fir - Abies spp.
Gold Dust Dracaena - Dracaena godseffiana
Echeveria - Echeveria spp.
Elephant Foot Tree - Beasucarnea recurvata
Eucalyptus - Eucalyptus sp.
Eugenia - Eugenia spp.
Gardenia - Gardenia jasminoides
Garlic - Allium sativum
Gloxinia - Sinningia speciosa
Grape Ivy - Cissus rhombifolia
Grape Vine - Vitis spp.
Hens and Chicks - Echeveria sp. and Sempervivum sp.
Hibiscus - Hibiscus rosa-sinensis and related sp.
Honeysuckle - Lonicera spp.
Hoya - Hoya spp.
Impatients - Impatiens spp.
Indian Hawthorne - Rhaphiolepsis spp.
Jade Plant - Craaula ovata
Kalanchoe - Kalanchoe blossfeldiana
Larch - Larix spp.
Lemon Balm - Melissa officinalis
Lilac - Syringa vulagris and related sp.
Lily (Easter, Tiger) - Lilium spp.
Magnolia - Magnolia spp.
Marigold - Tagetes spp.
Maidenhair Fern - Adiantum spp.
Manzanita - Arctostapylos manzanita
Mayapple - Podophyllum peltatum (fruit only)
Monkey Plant - Ruellia spp.
Moses-in-the-Cradle - Rhoeo spathacea
Mother-in-Law’s-Tongue - Sansevieria trifasciata
Nandina - Nandina domestica
Nasturtium - Tropaeolum majus
Natal Plum - Carissa macrocarpa
Nerve Plant - Fittonia verschaffeltti
Norfolk Island Pine - Araucaria excelsa
Parsley - Petroselinum spp.
Passionflower - Passiflora caerulea
Peppermint - Mentha x peperita
Peperomia - Peperomia spp.
Petunia - Petunia spp.
Pony Tail Palm - Beaucarnea recurvata
Popular - Populus spp.
Prayer Plant - Maranta leuconceura
Purple Passion, Purple Velvet - Gynura aurantiaca
Pyracantha - Pyracantha spp. Raphiolepsis - Raphiolepsis spp.
Rose - Rosa spp
Rubber Plant - Ficus elastica
Russian Olive - Elaeagnus augustifolia
Schefflera - Schefflera actinophylla
Sensitive Plant - Mimosa pudica
Spearmint - Mentha spicata
Spider Plant - Chlorophytum comosum
Spruce - Picea spp.
Squirrel’s Foot Fern - Davallia trichomanoides
Staghorn, Elk’s Horn - Platycerium bifurcatum
Star Jasmine - Trachelospermum jasminoides
String of Beads - Senecio rowleyanus
Swedish Ivy - Plectranthus australis
Sword Fern - Nephrolepis exalata
Thistle - Cirisium spp.
Ti Plant - Cordyline terminalis
Violet - Viola spp.
Wandering Jew - Tradescantia fluminensis
Willow - Salix spp.
Yucca - Yucca spp.
Zebra Plant - Aphelandra squarrosa