The Kendal Group – Hubers cc

Manufacturers of various hair & skin care products, herbal products, insect repellent products, environmentally-friendly insect traps, plant foods and trace element mixtures.

M8 Triple Trap Insect Eliminator:

Protect yourself and your family from Malaria and your horses from African Horse Sickness.

We have recently been appointed the official sales & distribution agent for Southern Africa by Skone Electronics, China for the M3 Triple Trap Insect Eliminator.

This is an environmentally-friendly device that catches and traps midges, mosquitoes, gnats, sand flies, stable flies, wasps and other blood sucking or biting insects and over a period of time, reduces the population there-of.

By removing the above insects from the environment and breaking their breeding cycle, one reduces the population with continuous use of the trap over a period of time. Less midges and mosquitoes laying eggs, means less midges and mosquitoes, period!

Midges and mosquitoes require a blood meal before laying their eggs. The object of the M3 Triple Trap is not only to reduce the insect population around your house, game lodge or stables, but also to act as a decoy by using the same attractants that a midge or mosquito uses to find its host, namely heat and CO2.

The trap can be used indoors or outdoors, is easy to clean and maintain, is silent and odourless, is harmless to humans and pets, is environmentally friendly, does not use any chemicals and is available in 12 volt or 220 volt.

The trap is available directly from ourselves or from your nearest agent. For your nearest agent or further information, please do not hesitate to contact us.

Janet Carter's Midge & Mosquito Repellent:

A boon for all those working or playing outdoors who are susceptible to biting insects. A fragrant cologne based on the essential oils of herbs from the spear-mint, lavender, citronella and artemesia families, which are repellent to both airborne and crawling biting insects such as midges, mosquitoes, ticks & fleas.

Packed in high-quality plastic pump sprays, it is both ozone friendly and environmentally safe. Janet Carter's Midge & Mosquito Repellent is perfect for those who are unable to take a chemoprophylaxis or tolerate any chemical repellents, such as infants, pregnant mothers or long-term residents in malaria areas.

To prevent yourself from being bitten by airborne biting insects, spray on exposed areas of skin such as the wrists, ankles and hairline before venturing outdoors. To protect yourself from tick bites, spray on your legs and particularly around your sock and trouser line. It can also be used on your pets, particularly to ward off annoying midges, fleas and flies.

Mosquitoes find their hosts by homing in on the carbon dioxide, which all animals exhale, and the lactic acid, which we perspire. Once in a roomful of hosts, most mosquitoes prefer those with the highest pheromone count. Citronella oils and artemesia disperse the above aromas, create a bitter taste for most biting insects
and confuse their sensory systems.

Janet Carter's Midge & Mosquito Repellent is most suitable at protecting you against Malaria, which is spread by the Anopheles Mosquito, and Yellow Fever, which is spread by the Aedes and Haemagogus Mosquitoes.

African Horse Sickness:

African Horse Sickness is a viral disease of horses, mules and donkeys and is transmitted by culicoides midges. Like the anopheles mosquito, which spreads the plasmodium malaria parasite, the culicoides midge also requires a blood meal from specific host animals in order to develop their eggs. Horses are most susceptible, mules less so, while donkeys and zebras are very resistant. Horses that have recovered from this disease do not remain carriers of the virus. However, like malaria, the virus requires a reservoir host to lie dormant in during the dry winter months. Zebras are thought to be a prime reservoir host, but it can lie dormant in other animals as well. It is therefore the transport of host animals that causes the large scale spread of the virus and the midge merely acts as a carrier from animal to animal over short distances.

African Horse Sickness does not affect any other animals, except that dogs have occasionally been fatally infected after having ingested diseased horse meat. The disease is generally more prevalent in low-lying moist areas, such as marshes and valleys. The period between sunset and sunrise, when culicoides midges are most active, is the time when most animals acquire infection in the open veld. There are three forms of the disease, namely the lung, heart and mixed form. The lung form (Dunkop) is recognized by a high fever, difficult breathing and frothy discharge from the nose and is characterised by a very high death rate. The heart form (Dik kop) is recognized by a swelling of the head and eyes with only a 50% death rate in horses. In the mixed form of the disease, symptoms of both the heart and lung form could occur. A vaccine is available in South Africa; however, horses in the surveillance zone or sick-free zone may only be vaccinated with written approval of the Director of Veterinary Services.

The accidental transport of midges in airplanes and vehicles can also result in the actual midge transmitting the virus over long distances, providing that she has a blood meal soon after arrival at her destination. You will note that it is the female that spreads the virus, not the male! Similarly, the accidental transport of adult mosquitoes can also cause the widespread infection of malaria, otherwise known as airport malaria. In other words, an infection can take place at a destination miles away from an infected area simply by the arrival of an infected midge or mosquito via airplane or vehicular transport.

Midges can also transmit Rift Valley Fever, Akabane Virus and Bluetongue. Culicoides bolitinos and Culicoides imicola are the main species involved in the transmission of African Horse Sickness and normally breed in the dung of large herbivores, e.g. cattle dung.

Scientists believe that the Mpumalanga Lowveld and Zululand areas, with their warm winters and abundant game, are ideal environments for the maintenance of arboviral diseases such as African Horse Sickness.

The following points should be considered in the control of culicoides midges;

1. Breeding sites are often created on farms because of poorly constructed or poorly maintained watering points, and the increased use of irrigation in the production of crops may cause the further spread and escalation in their numbers.
2. Water leaks, manure and urine are ideal habitats for immature midges.
3. Dung pats, tree holes, rotting vegetation and stagnant surface water are ideal larval habitats, but they can be treated with various chemical methods.
4. As the biological control of midges has little prospect, it is essential that
horses be vaccinated against African Horse Sickness.
5. Valuable animals should be stabled at night, as the midges, which are active at twilight and at night, are not inclined to enter buildings. Wet, low-lying areas are dangerous areas, while dusk and dawn during the mid-to-late summer are dangerous periods.
6. Screening stables with insect gauze or shadecloth treated with pyrethroids, operating light-traps outside stables at night, switching off all internal lights and the use of overhead or extractor fans should also be considered.
7. Culicoides prefer cattle and will thus rather feed on cattle than on horses.
8. One can also prevent the culicoides midge from biting animals by using a natural insect repellent, such as Janet Carter's Midge & Mosquito Repellent. Being herbal, it can be sprayed as much and as often as necessary and can also be used on all your domestic pets as well as for human/personal use. One of the best methods of repelling such biting insects is to spray all horses with Janet Carter's Midge & Mosquito Repellent every day before exercising and again in the evening after stabling. If it is sprayed on the legs, belly, neck and rump of the horse, it will discourage the midge from adhering to the horse's skin and passing on this very deadly virus. In order to make the contents adhere and spread further over the animal, dilute 50% of the repellent with 50% paraffin or water in a plastic spray bottle.
9. When sprayed in its concentrated form around the brim of a garden hat, pesky flies will also be kept at bay. If sprayed around the tops of socks or ankles, it will keep ticks and fleas at bay. When sprayed on exposed limbs and on clothing or bedding, it is most effective at preventing mosquito bites. Citronella Oil is a good masking agent of Carbon Di-Oxide, Lactic Acid, Pheromones and other scents & aromas emitted by all animals which midges & mosquitoes use to find their host.

Operates in: Nationwide

Contact person: Nick McConnell
Phone: 033 330 5341 / 3
Fax: 033 330 5342
Physical address: 5 Ogilvie Street, Merrivale, 3291, KwaZulu-Natal
Postal address: P O Box 803, Howick, 3290